Break out the candles, banners and cake, it’s Queensland Day! (any excuse will do).
Queensland Day celebrates our independence as a colony in 1859 and we have much to celebrate here in the Sunshine State since then… not the least being our recent origin win.
Queensland’s 1 727 000 square kilometres also holds a rich history and many interesting facts.
In the spirit of birthdays and sharing, take a look at our top 25:
- More than half of Queensland’s population lives outside the greater metropolitan area of Brisbane, a greater proportion than in the rest of Australia.
- The dingo fence, which stretches from the Great Australian Bight in South Australia to central Queensland, is the longest fence in the world. It is about twice as long as the Great Wall of China.
- Queensland is nearly five times the size of Japan, seven times the size of Great Britain and 2.5 times the size of Texas
- Winton is home to some of the world’s oldest dinosaur tracks.
- Qld Parliament was built without women’s toilets. When the first female MP was in Parliament, she had to leave her shoes out the front of the door to let everyone know she was inside.
- Queensland is the only state to have issued its own banknotes. Australian currency did not exist at the time of Federation, with coinage minted by the British Government and notes issued by individual banks, except in Queensland where Treasury notes were issued into circulation by the State Government.
- Queensland has five of Australia’s eleven World Natural Heritage areas; the Scenic Rim National Parks, Fraser Island, Riversleigh Fossil Fields, the Wet Tropics (including Daintree National Park) and the Great Barrier Reef.
- About one third of Queenslanders are migrants or the children of migrants.
- Australia’s iconic airline QANTAS, Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services, was established in Longreach, Queensland in 192
- Queensland has the only State Parliament in Australia with one House, the Legislative Assembly. The Legislative Council (Upper House) was abolished in 1922
- The first Labor government in the world took office in Queensland in 1899
- The two animals found on the Queensland Coat of Arms are the brolga (one of Queensland’s largest native birds) and the red deer (introduced from England). Red deer are a declared pest in Queensland.
- Queensland’s floral emblem is the Cooktown Orchid.
- Queensland’s bird emblem is the Brolga, the only crane native to Australia.
- The Purple-neck Rock Wallaby [Petrogale Purpureicollis], inhabits the Mt Isa region in north west Queensland. The Wallaby secretes a dye that transforms its face and neck into colours ranging from light pink to bright purple.
- Queensland’s state motto is Audax at Fidelis, which means “Bold but Faithful”.
- Queensland’s Sunshine State nickname comes from fact that the state receives an average of 261 days of sunshine per year.
- Queensland’s XXXX beer was founded in 1877.
- Queensland has 200 separate national parks, more than any of the other states.
- The Royal Flying Doctor Service started operating in 1928 when pilot Arthur Affleck flew Dr Kenyon St Vincent Welch from Cloncurry to Julia Creek in response to an emergency call.
- The town of Winton is the birthplace of the bush ballad Waltzing Matilda, written by the poet Banjo Patterson.
- Mount Isa City covers an area of over 43 310 square kilometres, making it geographically the second largest city in Australia.
- Australia’s “last” bushrangers were from Queensland and were called Patrick and James Kenniff.
- Queensland was the first state to abolish the death penalty and did so in 1922.
- Australian Rules Football was the dominant code in Queensland in the 1880s, but was overtaken by Rugby to such an extent that the local competition folded in the 1890s.